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<nettime> NATO/Yugoslavia: AIDE MEMOIRE ON THE USE OF INHUMANE WEAPONS
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<nettime> NATO/Yugoslavia: AIDE MEMOIRE ON THE USE OF INHUMANE WEAPONS


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Subject: NATO/Yugoslavia: AIDE MEMOIRE ON THE USE OF INHUMANE WEAPONS
From: G.LANGE {AT} LINK-GOE.de (GIV c/o Gerhard Lange)
Date: 1999/05/20
Newsgroups: de.soc.politik.texte

The Committee for National Solidarity
Tolstojeva 34, 11000 Belgrade, YU


 AIDE MEMOIRE

        ON THE USE OF INHUMANE WEAPONS  IN THE AGGRESSION OF
           THE NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION AGAINST
                 THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA


 In its aggression against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the
 North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) has been using banned
 military means and weapons such as the use of cluster bombs and
 depleted uranium. These weapons are damaging and threatening to the
 life and health of the people and the consequences of their use are
 incomparably more inhumane and dangerous than those of the use of
 conventional arms.

 In the period between 25 March and 15 May 1999, over 60 containers,
 each with 240 cluster bombs (i.e. over 15 000 bombs), as well as
 more than 400 cluster bombs, have been dropped over the territory of
 the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. About 40 containers and over 250
 cluster bombs have been dropped over Kosovo and Metohija, killing
 about 200 and wounding over 450 people. Material damage has been
 enormous: entire housing estates have been destroyed, as well
 as schools and hospitals, industrial plants and communication
 infrastructure. Dozens of people, primarily children, have been
 killed and wounded as a consequence of the delayed effect of the
 cluster bombs and new human casualties and destruction can be
 expected from the remaining unexploded bombs.

 The Institute of Nuclear Studies at Vinca, Belgrade, has surveyed
 the remnants of exploded bombs and positively established the
 presence of uranium in the ammunition. The inhumane and banned
 ammunition is most often used in Kosovo and Metohija which has been
 confirmed also by NATO representatives themselves. They said in
 their statements that A-10 planes are used in the aggression against
 the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, whose payloads contained also
 the so-called depleted uranium ammunition.

 In its aggression against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, NATO
 has also been using missiles with graphite-electromagnetic material.
 So far they were used on 2, 8, 13 and 14 May 1999 against the
 distribution stations of the power plants at Obrenovac and Kostolac,
 at Novi Sad, Nis and Bajina Basta and against power installations
 at Lajkovac, Resnik, Lestane and the Belgrade city section of
 Bezanijska kosa. According to the information available to the
 competent Yugoslav authorities, the cluster bombs have been used in
 the following instances:

  1. On 28 March 1999 at 4.30 a.m. 4 missiles and 1 cluster bomb
     struck land targets in Prizren, causing fires and damaging a
     number of civilian facilities;

  2. On 28 March 1999 at 4.30 a.m. an aerial cluster bomb hit the
     League of Prizren memorial building near the Town Hall. The
     building was demolished and the windows on the adjacent
     buildings were broken. Cluster bomb remnants were found during
     investigation;

  3. On 28 March 1999 at 5.00 and 8.30 p.m. cluster bombs were used
     against targets in Nis, causing vast material damage;

  4. On 28 March 1999 at 9.00 p.m. a cluster bomb was used against
     targets in Sombor, causing vast material damage;

  5. On 31 March 1999 at 1.15 a.m. over 30 cluster bombs were dropped
     on Pristina, causing vast destruction and material damage; 10
     bombs did not explode;

  6. On 31 March 1999 at 1.15 a.m. 14 containers with 240 cluster
     bombs were used against targets in the vicinity of the village
     of Gracanica, causing vast material damage. At the same time, a
     number of cluster bombs were used against targets in the village
     of Lipljane;

  7. On 2 April at 10.00 a.m. the area of Stari trg near Kosovska
     Mitrovica was attacked with cluster bombs. The local mine
     facilities, as well as a number of family houses were damaged;

  8. On 5 and 15 April 1999 a number of cluster bombs were dropped
     in the area of Podgorica, causing substantial material damage.

  9. On 6 April 1999 between 1.00 and 2.00 p.m. cluster bombs were
     dropped on the buildings of the construction firm "Ramiz Sadiku"
     in the village of Pirane near Prizren, causing damage to the
     buildings and the access road about 30 m long;

 10. On 6 April 1999 at 8.45 p.m. civilian buildings were struck
     with cluster bombs at Dubinje in the vicinity of Sjenica
     causing substantial damage to the management building of the
     agricultural complex "Pester", as well as to the dairy,
     workers' accommodation facilities and a number of auxiliary
     and apartment buildings and motor vehicles. Telephone, power
     and water supply lines were hit, cutting water and power
     supply and telephone service;

 11. On 7 April 1999 at 11.30 a.m. 4 aerial cluster bombs were
     dropped on the village of Mala Krusa, municipality of Prizren,
     causing substantial damage to private houses and apartment
     buildings;

 12. On 8 April 1999 at 2.00 p.m. 2 aerial cluster bombs were
     dropped on the village of Velika Hoca, municipality of
     Orahovac. 3 people were gravely and 5 lightly wounded, while
     vast material damage was caused to 29 family houses;

 13. On 8 April 1999 at about 11.15 a.m. two cluster bombs were
     dropped near the building of "Ljubizda" in Prizren. One of
     them hit the dyes and pharmaceuticals plant "Limit Duga".
     The plant was destroyed and 2 people were gravely and 1
     lightly wounded. The other bomb hit the agricultural complex
     "Progres" and four family houses. 5 people were gravely and
     6 lightly wounded and vast material damage was caused;

 14. On 10 April 1999 at 11.55 p.m. targets in the village of
     Merdare, municipality of Kursumlija, were struck with 52
     missiles and 8 containers with 240 cluster bombs each
     (1.920 cluster bombs in all). 5 people were killed and 3
     wounded, one of them a 6-month pregnant woman.

     A road and part of the railroad (now out of commission) have
     been damaged, as well as adjacent family houses. A number of
     cluster bombs remained unexploded along the road;

 15. On 11 April 1999, 42 missiles and a number of cluster bombs
     were dropped in the vicinity of the Prokuplje-Podujevo highway.
     The highway, part of the railroad and the adjacent houses were
     damaged, while a number of unexploded cluster bombs remained
     along the highway which caused prolonged traffic stoppages;

 16. On 11 April 1999 at 2.00 a.m. a number of cluster bombs were
     dropped near the villages of Merdare and Mirovac, near Podujevo,
     causing vast material damage;

 17. On 12 April 1999 at 1.00 a.m. a number of cluster bombs were
     dropped on the village of Bare, municipality of Kraljevo,
     causing damage to 8 housing buildings and the carriageway on
     the Kraljevo-Raska highway;

 18. On 12 April 1999 between 10.45 and 11.20 a.m. targets in
     Urosevac were struck with 6 missiles and 1 cluster bomb. Vast
     material damage was caused, including the damage to the orchard
     "Plantaza".

 19. On 12 April 1999 at 12.00 noon, 1.15 and 1.30 p.m. targets at
     Suva Reka, municipality of Prizren, were struck with 6 cluster
     bombs, one of them destroying a mosque, while another fell in
     the nearby field;

 20. On 12 April 1999 at 5.00 p.m. the "Efendi Bridge" at the
     Djakovica-Ponosevac road was struck and substantially damaged.
     A box with 15 unexploded cluster bombs was found nearby;

 21. On 12 April 1999 at 6.30 p.m. the Djakovica- Klina road at the
     exit from Djakovica was struck with cluster bombs. Several
     people were killed and wounded;

 22. On 13 April 1999 at 0.40 a.m. 4 missiles hit Hotel "Baciste"
     at Mt. Kopaonik. The entire hotel complex and 5 "Bacija"
     facilities were demolished in the ensuant fire, while 1
     person was lightly wounded. Prior to the missile raid, more
     than 100 cluster bombs were dropped in front of the hotel. 2
     buses and 1 freight vehicle were destroyed.

     The building of hotel "Putnik" was also substantially damaged;

     On 15 April 1999 at 2.20 p.m. 1 person was killed in the cluster
     bomb destruction operation near hotel "Baciste";

 23. On 14 April 1999 at 2.05 p.m. targets around the Moravica river
     bridge at the village of Levosoja, municipality of Bujanovac,
     were struck with cluster bombs. 2 people were lightly wounded
     and substantial material damage was caused;

 24. On 14 April 1999 at 1.30 a.m. a container with 240 cluster bombs
     was dropped on the village of Ravniste, municipality of Brus,
     most of which exploded. 1 person was gravely wounded in the
     operation of the destruction of unexploded bombs;

 25. On 14 April 1999 at 12.00 noon land targets in Urosevac were
     struck with 2 containers of cluster bombs;

 26. On 14 April 1999 at 2.25 p.m. the area of the municipality of
     Vranje was struck with cluster bombs, hitting housing buildings
     in the village of Pavlovac. Several people were killed and
     gravely wounded. Vast material damage was caused to housing
     buildings and to the bridge on the Presevo-Vranje motorway.
     Civilian facilities along the motorway were also damaged;

 27. On 15 April 1999 from 2.30 to 2.50 a.m. a container with cluster
     bombs was dropped in the area of the village of Samailo,
     municipality of Kraljevo, causing substantial material damage;

 28. On 15 April 1999 from 12.00 noon to 2.30 p.m. two raids were
     carried out with cluster bombs against targets in the village
     of Raljan, municipality of Presevo, on which occasion 8 people
     were killed;

 29. On 15 April 1999 at 5.00 p.m. 1 person was gravely  wounded by
     an unexploded cluster bomb in the village of Belo Polje,
     municipality of Pec;

 30. On 16 April 1999 at 2.05 p.m. targets in the region of the
     village of Grlica, municipality of Urosevac, were struck with
     5 missiles and a container of cluster bombs, on which occasion
     1 person was wounded;

 31. On 17 April 1999 at 3.30 p.m. 5 missiles and a container of
     cluster bombs were dropped in the region of the village of
     Kamena Glava, municipality of Urosevac, causing substantial
     material damage;

 32. On 18 April 1999 2 people were killed and 1 person gravely
     wounded in the region of the village of Kamena Glava,
     municipality of Urosevac, as a consequence of the explosion
     of unexploded cluster bombs;

 33. On 19 April 1999 at 10.15 a.m. targets near a farm aircraft
     airport and a transmitter in the region of the village of
     Grlica, municipality of Urosevac, were struck with a number
     of missiles and a container of cluster bombs;

 34. On 22 April 1999 at about 12.00 noon a container of unexploded
     cluster bombs was found in the village of Drenova, Gornji
     Milanovac;

 35. On 22 April 1999 at 5.50 p.m. a container of cluster bombs
     was dropped in the region of the village of Bapsko Polje,
     municipality of Kraljevo, hitting a number of civilian targets;

 36. On 24 April 1999 at 11.30 a.m. a container of cluster bombs was
     dropped on the "Kodza" section of the village of Doganovic,
     municipality of Kacanik, killing 5 and gravely wounding 2 people.

 37. On 25 April 1999 at about 12.00 noon remnants of a cluster bomb
     container were found in the area of "Bumbarevo brdo" in the
     region of Knic;

 38. On 26 April 1999 at 12.15 p.m. a cluster bomb container was
     dropped in the region of the village of Dulje, municipality of
     Suva Reka;

 39. On 27 April 1999 unexploded cluster bombs were found in the
     village of Pistrica, municipality of Nova Varos;

 40. On 27 April 1999 at about 3.00 p.m. a container with cluster
     bombs was dropped in the region of the village of Zur,
     municipality of Prizren. It hit a power transmission line and
     damaged several pylons, creating a number of craters spread
     over the distance of some 700 metres;

 41. On 30 April 1999 between 9.05 and 9.15 p.m. a cluster bomb
     container was dropped in the region of the village of Gare,
     municipality of Gadzin Han, creating a crater in the vicinity
     of which a number of unexploded cluster bombs were found;

 42. On 1 May 1999 at about 9.30 a.m. a cluster bomb container was
     dropped on the town park at Obilic;

 43. On 1 May 1999 at about 12.40 p.m. a cluster bomb container was
     dropped on the village of Sibnica on the Sibnica-Mirosaljci road.
     The bombs landed also in the adjacent fields and meadows in the
     area of 250x100 m, creating about 100 craters 20 cm in diameter
     and about 50 cm deep. A number of people were wounded;

 44. On 1 May 1999 at about 10.30 a.m. 3 and at 5.45 p.m. 7 cluster
     bombs were dropped on the village of Veric, municipality of
     Istok, hitting a number of family houses, while 1 cluster bomb
     was dropped on the "Djocaj" section of the village of Kovrge;

 45. On 2 May 1999 at 11.45 and 11.50 2 cluster bomb containers were
     dropped on Ponosevac, municipality of Djakovica. A number of
     people were gravely wounded and two passenger cars and several
     family houses were damaged;

 46. On 2 May 1999 at 1.20 p.m. a cluster bomb container was dropped
     in the  region of the village of Ljug Bunar, municipality of
     Djakovica, damaging the Djakovica-Klina highway. Substantial
     material damage was done to the "Maras Petrol" gas station;

 47. On 2 May 1999 at 1.25 p.m. a cluster bomb container was dropped
     in the region of the village of Trakanic, municipality of
     Djakovica, causing grave injuries to a large number of people;

 48. On 2 May 1999 two cluster bombs were dropped on the facilities
     of Spa Kursumlija;

 49. On 3 May 1999 at 8.00 and 9.00 a.m. and 3.30 and 4.20 p.m. 5
     missiles and 2 cluster bombs were dropped in the region of the
     village of Dulje, municipality of Suva Reka;

 50. On 3 May 1999 between 9.00 a.m. and 9.00 p.m. cluster bombs
     were dropped in the area of the village of Merdare, municipality
     of Kursumlija, causing substantial damage in the area;

 51. On 3 May 1999 between 11.00 a.m. and 12.00 noon 13 cluster bombs
     were dropped in the Rugovska Gorge, municipality of Pec, causing
     substantial material damage;

 52. On 3 May 1999 between 11.00 a.m. and 12.00 noon a number of
     cluster bombs were dropped in the region of the villages of
     Veliki and Mali Stupelj, destroying a primary school building;

 53. On 3 May 1999 between 11.45 a.m. and 1.30 p.m. 3 cruise missiles
     and a number of cluster bombs were dropped on the Pec-Kula-Rozaje
     highway in the region of Savine Vode, hitting a civilian bus with
     passengers travelling on the Djakovica-Podgorica route. 17 people
     were killed, while 44 were gravely or lightly wounded;

     On 4 May 1999 at about 3.00 p.m. a "Ford Escort" passenger car
     was destroyed by a delayed explosion of a cluster bomb on the
     Pec-Rozaje highway at the site at which the civilian bus had
     been hit a day before. Several people were killed and 1 person
     was wounded;

 54. On 3 May 1999 at 1.20, 4.25 and 5.00 p.m. 5 missiles and 3
     cluster bombs were dropped in the region of the village of
     Banjica, municipality of Kacanik, wounding a number of people;

 55. On 4 May 1999 at about 3.00 a.m. a cluster bomb container was
     dropped on the road between Krusevac and Rasic, interrupting
     traffic for a protected period of time;

 56. On 4 May 1999 at 7.00 a.m. 3 missiles and 1 cluster bomb were
     dropped on the village of Orlate, municipality of Glogovac,
     wounding several people;

 57. On 4 May 1999 two cluster bombs were dropped on the village of
     Rakos in the vicinity of the lake Radonjic Dam;

 58. On 5 May 1999 at about 9.50 p.m. a number of missiles and
     cluster bombs were dropped on Knic;

 59. On 5 May 1999 at 11.05 p.m. a missile and cluster bombs hit a
     residential area of Lipljan, damaging family houses and wounding
     a number of people, including a child 8 years old;

 60. On 6 May 1999 at about 1.00 p.m. 2 missiles hit the village of
     Cedovo, municipality of Sjenica, causing vast material damage;

 61. On 7 May 1999 between 11.30 and 11.40 a.m. 2 cluster bomb
     containers were dropped on Nis. 1 container fell in front of
     the Pathology Hospital, the other in the town centre in front
     of the Nis University Rector's Office and the "12 February"
     Health Centre. The central city market place near the Nis
     Fortress was also shelled. 13 people were killed in the
     explosions of cluster bombs, 18 were gravely and 11 lightly
     wounded. 120 housing units were damaged and 47 destroyed,
     while 15 passenger cars were also destroyed;

 62. On 8 May 1999 at 11.30 a.m. a cluster bomb container was
     dropped in the region of the village of Merdaro, municipality
     of Podujevo, gravely wounding a great number of people;

 63. On 8 May 1999 at 3.50 p.m. a large number of unexploded cluster
     bombs were found in the village of Crmljane, municipality of
     Djakovica;

 64. On 8 May 1999 between 4.05 and 4.25 p.m. a missile hit the "12
     February" Bridge and 2 cluster bomb containers were dropped near
     a car dealership and the "Nis Express" parking lot in Nis. 1
     person was gravely and 10 people lightly wounded;

 65. On 8 May 1999 at about 10.00 p.m. cluster bombs were dropped on
     a residential area in the region of the village of Junik;

 66. On 8 May 1999 at 10.15 p.m. 2 cluster bomb containers were
     dropped in the region of the village of Srpski Babus,
     municipality of Urosevac, causing substantial material damage;

 67. On 8 May 1999 4 cluster bombs were dropped in the region of
     Decani in the vicinity of the Decani Monastery;

 68. On 9 May 1999 at 11.40 a.m. the region of Belopoljske Mountains
     in the area of the municipality of Pec was hit with cluster
     bombs;

 69. On 9 May 1999 between 10.00 and 11.45 a.m. 36 unexploded cluster
     bombs were destroyed in the Rugovska Gorge dropped by NATO plane
     in the area;

 70. On 10 May 1999 at about 1.45 a.m. a number of civilian targets
     were hit with cluster bombs in Nis causing substantial material
     damage;

 71. On 10 May 1999 from 11.15 to 11.45 a.m. a number of targets were
     struck in the municipality of Djakovica;

 72. On 10 May 1999 at about 4.00 p.m. a refugee convoy was struck
     with cluster bombs on the Prizren-Djakovica motorway in the
     region of the village of Mala Krusa, municipality of Prizren;

 73. On 10 May 1999 at about 11 p.m. the region of the village of
     Brdarica, municipality of Koceljevo, was struck with cluster
     bombs, causing substantial material damage;

 74. On 11 May 1999 at about 1.15 a.m. the region of the village of
     Staro Gacko, municipality of Lipljan, was bombed. 3 people were
     killed and 4 were gravely wounded while several family houses
     were damaged;

 75. On 11 May 1999 at about 8.15 a.m. a number of cluster bombs were
     dropped on the village of Babin Most, municipality of Obilic,
     causing substantial material damage;

 76. On 11 May 1999 at about 11.25 a.m. civilian targets were struck
     with two containers of cluster bombs in Nis, causing vast
     material damage;

 77. On 11 May 1999 at about 12 noon, the buildings of the "Krusik"
     company in Valjevo were hit with cluster bombs, causing vast
     material damage;

 78. On 12 May 1999 at about 0.15 a.m. the region of the village of
     Kostanje, municipality of Urosevac, was bombed with cluster
     bombs. Several people were gravely wounded and vast material
     damage was done;

 79. On 13 May 1999 at 11.56 p.m., according to the initial and still
     incomplete data, 84 people were killed and over 100 were wounded
     (Yugoslav citizens of Albanian nationality, mainly women, children
     and the elderly) by cluster bombs dropped by NATO planes on the
     refugee camp in the village of Koriste on the road between Suva
     Reka and Prizren.


 II

 Bombing civilian targets in the territory of the Federal Republic of
 Yugoslavia, the NATO planes have used depleted uranium ammunition.
 NATO bombing squadrons sent against targets in the Federal Republic
 of Yugoslavia include also A-10 planes, the payloads of which contain
 the ammunition made of depleted uranium.

 On 30 March 1999, A-10 planes bombed the region of Greater Prizren.

 On 18 April 1999 A-10 planes used radio-active ammunition in the
 region of Greater Bujanovac. On the basis of spectrometric tests and
 identification of radio-nucleides it can be positively averred that
 the sample - the bullet for the 30-millimetre cannon of the A-10 plane
 - contains depleted uranium. The diametre of the core is 16 mm, length
 95 mm, mass 292 gramme and the calculated density about 18 g/cm. The
 tested sample has been appropriately deposited and may be offered as
 evidence material.

 The depleted uranium is radio-active nuclear waste, the combustion of
 which releases products which are radio-active and poisonous. High
 temperature is created at the impact of the missile and at least 70
 per cent of the total mass of the depleted uranium and its oxides is
 released in the form of aerosol (particles below 5). These particles
 are inhaled into organisms, they contaminate the environment and are
 spread creating a contamination of broader proportions.

 According to international standards uranium 238 belongs to the second
 group of radio-nucleides of very high radio-activity and toxicity
 and as such is very dangerous for the population. Its use is highly
 inhumane both for its instantaneous and for its subsequent radio-
 active effect. The effects of its use against troops and the civilian
 population are fatal since they cause wounds followed by contamination
 which makes the use of this ammunition a crime against humanity and
 international law.


 Belgrade, 15 May 1999

 Secretary General
 Mrs. Jela Jovanovic
 Art  historian

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