MR JAVIER BERNAL on Tue, 22 Feb 2000 01:26:01 +0100 (CET)

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<nettime> More on the Violations of International Law by NATO

          More on the Violations of International Law

Contradicting my claim that NATO had violated at least five accepted
norms of international law, several respondents argued that the NATO
attack on Serbia was justified under the 1948 Genocide Convention and/or
other general humanitarian principles.

First, the Genocide Convention does not authorize such attacks. Only the
Security Council can do so which was deliberately bypassed by NATO
because it knew that Russia and China would veto such an attack.

Second, there was no genocide going on in Kosovo. Cries of Serbian
agression and genocide within its own province were being made in the US
Congress in April 1998 when only 80 people had died and less than 100,000
internally displaced. At the time of the attack, 2,000 had died on all
sides and 250,000 Albanians had been displaced.  It was the threat of
NATO attack and the subsequent terror bombing that parallels the fire
bombing of Tokyo and Yokohama during the Second World War that triggered
the Serbian retaliation and humanitarian catastrophe in Kosovo. 

Third, there was no humanitarian intervention by the US and the West when
the Nigerian authorities crushed the Biafra separatist movement between
1967 and 1970 causing the deaths of one million Ibos, when Pakistani
forces killed one million and drove out 10 million Bengalis during the East
Pakistani secessionist struggle in 1971, when the Pol Pot regime killed
one million Cambodians, to name just a few cases. In the latter two
cases, the US condemned India and Vietnam for their interventions and
threatened military action against them.

Fourth, ethnic cleansing is not genocide. If it were, the Allied powers
were guilty of genocide for the expulsion of some 12 million Germans from
Poland, Czechoslavkia and elsewhere at the end of the Second World War,
and surely European Jews committed genocide when it drove out nearly a
million Palestinians to carve out the state of Israel in 1948. There is
now an ethnically pure Greater Croatia. There are almost 900,000 Serbian
refugees ethnically cleansed from Croatia and the federation, 300,000 in
Republika Srpska and 600,000 in Serbia. This is more than any other
ethnic group. Croatia conducted the largest single ethnic cleansing of
the war with American military support. 

For the record, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
determined that about 35-50,000 people died on all sides during the
Bosnian civil war, not 250,000. The investigative team for the Hague
Tribunal interviewed only 223 Bosnian women claming to be raped, and
collected another 575 affidavits. Allegations of 20-60,000 rapes are

The emaciated figure of Fikret Alic in a Serbian "concentration camp" at
Tronpolje has now been proved to be a fraud. There are good reasons why
all the others look reasonably healthy and are laughing including Alic.
The broken down barbed wire surrounds an adjacent building compound, not
Alic and the others who were in a refugee camp free to go anytime. The
ITN cameraman, Jeremy Irvin zoomed his lense from inside the barbed wire
compound making it appear that it surrounded the men who were in a
refugee camp waiting to be moved. There are good reasons for showing only
a five second clip (shown a zillion times) and not the full film. Now
that it has been proven to be a fraud, it is never shown again, but there
has been no retraction either.

Regarding genocide, General Satish Nambiar, the first UNPROFOR commander
from 1992 to 1994 told me that he, his deputy General Lewis McKenzie and
28,000 men under their command witnessed no genocide. They checked with
the UNHCR and the International Red Cross, and they did not witness any
genocide either. So how did Roy Guttman and others manage to witness

KOSOVO.html )

Russia, China and India, representing half the human race, got it right
about the Kosovo crisis. NATO, the only alliance left in this galaxy,
committed aggression on Serbia. This is all about saving NATO's face at a
very heavy price for the Serbs. If NATO is above international law, so is
every other state and organization. It has set a terrible precedent. 

Professor Raju G. C. Thomas 
Marquette University
Milwaukee, USA 

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