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<nettime> IWPR: Chechens Clash on the Net
Lex Wouterloot on 30 Mar 2001 00:38:26 -0000


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<nettime> IWPR: Chechens Clash on the Net


[via geert {AT} xs4all.nl]



IWPR'S CAUCASUS REPORTING SERVICE, NO. 75
CHECHENS CLASH ON THE NET

Chechnya's rival leaders are waging a war of words in cyberspace

By Alexander Dzadziev in Vladikavkaz

Rebel leader Aslan Maskhadov has urged the international press to ignore
any information released by "foreign Internet sites claiming to represent
the official Chechen government".

The move came after various rebel websites reported on schisms in the
Chechen leadership and accused top commanders of spying for the West.

And the adverse publicity has provided an unexpected windfall for the
Russian propaganda machine at a time when the new administration in
Washington is showing increasing sympathy for the rebel cause.

The first rumblings of discontent came in January when Chechen propaganda
minister Movladi Udugov claimed that the elected rebel president was "torn
between peace talks with the Russians and pressure from foreign
mercenaries headed by Khattab and [Shamil] Basaev".

The comments were published on Udugov's two websites -- Kavkaz Centre and
Nokhchichyo - which are reportedly operated from secret locations in
Georgia.

The sites also published an interview with field commander Khamzat Gelaev
who ruled out any possibility of peace talks and proposed that all the
rebel leaders (himself included) should be tried by a people's court.

Meanwhile, Udugov has been conducting a smear campaign against Malik
Saidullaev, a Chechen businessman based in Moscow. According to Kavkaz
Centre, Saidullaev is a British agent codenamed "Pete" who has been
sponsored by London to win the Chechen presidency.

Udugov said that the British government was eager to have "a puppet" in
Grozny in order to further its own geopolitical goals. He went on to
dismiss claims that Maskhadov's presidential mandate had expired in
January, stating that, according to the Chechen constitution, he could
remain in power for another year.

The Russian security services have been swift to fan the flames of
dissent. Alexei Kruglov, a colonel in the Federal Security Service, said
his agents were "checking" claims that Saidullaev was recruited in the
1990s by a British spy in Moscow.

But he added, "We suspect that Maskhadov is using Movladi Udugov's
Internet propaganda machine to spread these accusations."

At the same time, pro-Chechen organisations based in London have added
insult to injury by reporting that international Islamic groups are set to
cut off financial support to the Chechen separatists in order to increase
funding for Palestinian groups in the Middle East.

According to some commentators, this looming crisis has sparked growing
suspicion amongst the Chechen leaders - particularly between traditional
Islamists and extremist groups.

In late February, Gelaev accused the Wahhabi warlord Arbi Baraev of
working for the FSB. He said, "His wedding celebrations in the village of
Yermolovskaya were guarded by federal troops."

And other rebel sites have published calls by extremist Chechens for
Maskhadov to be ousted - by force if necessary. Khattab described the
president as a "vile jackal spreading lies" while Chechen Press carried
rumours that Turpal Movsaev, head of the Chechen special forces, was
planning to assassinate the rebel leader. The notorious Akhmadov brothers
had allegedly been entrusted with the task.

Tensions reached boiling point in the run-up to the anniversary of the
Chechen deportations in 1944. Aslan Maskhadov's calls for the
"annihilation of the FSB and GRU execution units" were ignored by almost
all Chechen information agencies.

The separatist leader responded to this indifference by accusing Khattab
of waging war against the Israelis and Basaev of being an agent of the
GRU.

He then stripped Gelaev of his military rank and called on the world press
to ignore "propaganda" sites such as Kavkaz Centre. On March 16, the site
was targeted by hackers who managed to interrupt public access but failed
to shut it down completely.

Alexander Dzadziev is an independent journalist based in Vladikavkaz





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